• Research Excellence

    Short Story of My Career

    • Sustained output of high impact publications

    I have published over 150 papers including 70 journal papers, 1 book in IEEE/Wiley, and 3 book chapters in Woodhead Publishing. According to the Google Scholar, the total citation number is 3039 of all his publications. The h-index is 28 of all his publications. My Google Scholar.

     

    • External funding

    I have obtained 14 research grants, among which there are 2 major EU FP7 grants, 2 major EPSRC grants, one EPSRC grant, one CNSF grant, and 4 industrial grants. The total funding of these projects is over £10M, which includes external funding of £6M to my organisations. I am the Principle Investigator of 10 of the projects.

     

    • Supervision of research students

    Currently I supervise 15 PhD students including 4 year-one, 6 year-two, 3 year-three and 2 year-4 students. I am the first supervisor of 11 of these PhD students. 6 PhD students under my supervision have graduated successfully.

     

    I have acted as external examiners of PhD candidates at University of Strathclyde (under supervision of Prof. Stephen Lo in 03/2013, under supervision of Prof. Graeme Burt and Dr. Campbell Booth in 07/2013, under supervision of Prof. Barry Williams and Prof. Stephen Finney in 06/2014, and under supervision of Prof. Stephen Lo in 08/2014), at University of Aberdeen (under supervision of Prof. Dragan Jovcic in 05/2014), at University of Liverpool in 12/2013, at UPC Barcelona Spain in 11/2013, and at University of McGill, Canada in 09/2014.

     

    • Professional bodies and external esteem

    I am the Chair and Committee member of the UK&IR Chapter of IEEE Power Electronics Society from 2013. I am a Committee member of CIGRE Working Groups B4-58, -60 from 2011, and B4-62 from 2013. I am the technical secretary of B4-60.

     

    I am an Organising Committee member of the IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2015) in Birmingham. I am a Track Chair of IEEE 2014 International Electric Vehicle Conference in Florence, Italy. As a co-Chair, I have taken part in organising the HVDC PhD Colloquium at KU Leuven, Belgium, in July 2013 and Imperial College London in July 2014.

     

    I am an editor of IEEE Trans. Power Delivery on the Special Issue “HVDC transmission systems for large offshore wind power plants”. I have been invited to review papers for more than ten IEEE, IET, and EPE journals.

     

    From June 2014, I have been appointed as an Adjunct Professor at Changsha University of Science and Technology, China. In 2013, I won a competitive award to join the “Welsh Crucible” Programme for the Future Leaders of Wales. From April 2015, I have been appointed as an Adjunct Professor at North China Electric Power University, China.

  • Personal Information

    CURRICULUM VITAE

    个人简历

  • Research Expertise

    研究领域

    Main Research Areas

    主要研究方向

    • High voltage DC (HVDC) transmission and DC grid
    • Grid integration of wind power generation
    • Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS)
    • Power electronics, converter control
    • Power system stability and control
    • 高压直流输电(HVDC)及直流电网(DC Grid)
    • 风力发电及其电网接入
    • 柔性交流输电系统 (FACTS)
    • 电力电子及换流器控制
    • 电力系统稳定及控制
  • EDUCATION

    所获学位

     

    Ph.D

    博士学位

    03/1995-08/1998

    Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing, China

    Major:

    Electric Power System & its Automation

    Thesis:

    Analyses and control for thyristor controlled series compensation

     

    中国电力科学研究院博士学位

    专业:

    电力系统及其自动化

    博士论文题目:

    晶闸管可控串联补偿的分析与控制

    MSc

    硕士学位

    09/1992-03/1995

    Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing, China

    Major:

    Electric Power System & its Automation

    Thesis:

    Neural-network based generator-shedding strategy for power system stability control

    BEng

    学士学位

    09/1988-06/1992

    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

    Major:

    Electric Power System & its Automation

    Thesis:

    Power system bus-bar differential relaying protection

  • Work and Research Experience

     

    工作及研究经历

     

    Professor, School of Engineering, Cardiff University, U.K.

    英国 卡迪夫大学 工程学院 教授

    2008 to Present

    2008年至今

    • Research on VSC-HVDC and HVDC grids for offshore wind power transmission.
    • Published 38 journal papers, 60+ conference papers, 1 book and 3 book chapter. Obtained 18 grants (£10M in total). Supervise more than 20 D students and Post-docs. 4 students under my supervision received Ph.D degrees.
    • Teach 6 modules (about 100hrs) each academic year across various undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Supervise undergraduates and MSc projects.
    • School Health & Safety committee member, representative of Institute of Energy.
    • Liaison with North China Electric Power University (NCEPU) China, interviewed and recruited students from NCEPU, and acted as their tutor.
    • D external examiners, for University of Strathclyde, University of Liverpool, University of Aberdeen, UPC Barcelona Spain, and University of McGill Canada.
    • Editor of IEEE Trans. Power Delivery on Special Issue “HVDC transmission systems for large offshore wind power plants”. Paper reviewer for more than ten IEEE Transactions and IET Proceedings, and Sustainable Energy. Associate editor of CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems
    • Organising Committee member, International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2015), Birmingham. Track Chair of IEEE 2014 International Electric Vehicle Conference, Florence, Italy. Organised the HVDC Ph.D Colloquium as a Co-Chair in KU Leuven in July 2013 and Imperial College London in July 2014. Committee member and Secretary of CIGRE Working Groups B4-58, -60 and -62. Local Organising committee member of the 45th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC2010), Cardiff. Member of Technical Programme Committee, The 9th International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, October 2010, London. Organised the HVDC Ph.D Colloquium as a Co-Chair in Barcelona in July 2011 and in Cardiff in July 2012.
    • Vice Chair of UK&IR Chapter of IEEE Power Electronics Society.
    • Scientist in charge of MEDOW funded by EU FP-7 Marie-Curie Action ITN, 01/04/2013 - 31/03/2017.
    • Adjunct Professor of Changsha University of Science and Technology China since 2014.
    • Adjunct Professor of North China Electric Power University,China since 2015.
    • Winning an award to join the “Welsh Crucible” programme for the Future Leaders of Wales, 2013.
    • 研究用于风能传输的VSC-HVDC及HVDC电网
    • 发表论文100余篇,其中期刊文章38篇,出版专著一本,一本专著章节作者。获得18项科研资金(超过1000万英镑)。指导超过20名博士生及博士后,其中4人已经获得博士学位。
    • 每学年教授本科及研究生6门课程(约100小时),并指导本科和研究生课程设计。
    • 学院能源系健康及安全委员会委员。
    • 英国卡迪夫大学-中国华北电力大学“2+2”项目英方负责人,负责面试及招生工作,并作为学生的指导教师。
    • 作为英国斯赖斯克莱德大学,英国利物浦大学,英国阿伯丁大学,西班牙UPC大学,加拿大麦吉尔大学,博士生答辩校外主考官。
    • IEEE Trans. Power Delivery on Special Issue “HVDC transmission systems for large offshore wind power plants” 审稿专家。评审超过数十篇IEEE Transactions 及IET Proceedings, Sustainable Energy论文。中国电机工程协会英文期刊CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems
    • 2015年英国伯明翰International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2015)组织委员会委员;2014年意大利佛罗伦萨IEEE 2014 International Electric Vehicle Conference主席;主办或协办2011年7月在西班牙巴塞罗那,2012年7月在英国卡迪夫大学,2013年7月在比利时天主教鲁汶大学及2014年7月在英国帝国理工大学举办的欧洲大学HVDC研讨会;国际大电网会议CIGRE B4-58,-60及62工作组委员及秘书;2010年英国卡迪夫大学第45界国际大学生电力工程会议(UPEC2010)组织委员会委员;2010年英国伦敦International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission (ACDC 2010) 技术项目委员会委员。
    • 欧盟玛丽居里夫人计划MEDOW项目首席科学家,(01/04/2013 - 31/03/2017)。
    • 从2014年受聘于中国长沙理工大学兼职教授。
    • 从2015年5月受聘于中国华北电力大学兼职教授。
    • IEEE 电力电子协会英国及爱尔兰分会副主席。
    • 获得2013 年“Welsh Crucible”项目——威尔士未来领军人才奖。

    Senior Lecturer, University of Glamorgan, U.K. (Now is the University of South Wales)

    英国 格拉摩根大学 (现为南威尔士大学) 高级讲师

    September 2005 to December 2007

    2005年9月至2007年12月

    • Research on power electronics, fuel cell and ultra-capacitor in micro-grids and vehicles.
    • Consulting services for a company on power electronics based power supply modules.
    • Gave lectures to all level undergraduate students, and supervised student projects.
    • 从事电力电子,微网和电动汽车中的燃料电池和超级电容的研究。
    • 一家公司的电力电子供电设备的技术顾问。
    • 教授本科生课程并指导学生课程设计。

    Post-doctorial research associate, Dept. EEE, Imperial College London, U.K.

    英国 帝国理工大学 博士后研究员

    June 2001 to August 2005

    2001年6月至2005年8月

    • Performed analyses of Distributed Generation (DG) and distribution systems.
    • Designed and built a 30kW converter used for micro-gas turbine and wind turbine.
    • Designed internal model, repetitive, H¥ and PI controllers for converter control.
    • 分布式发电即分布式系统的性能分析。
    • 设计并搭建用于微型汽轮机和风机的30 kV 换流器。
    • 设计用于换流器控制的H¥ 和PI 控制器。

     

    Senior Engineer (equivalent to Associate Professor): Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), China

    中国电力科学研究院高级工程师(副教授级)

    October 1995 to June 2001

    1995年10月至2001年6月

     

    • Research on Flexible AC Transmission System Technology, Power system stability control, China nation-wide interconnected grid, and Renewable-energy technology.
    • Supervised one Ph.D and one Master degree student; Taught postgraduate course.
    • Directors of the Postgraduate Student Office and the Student Admission Office.
    • 研究柔性交流输电系统,电力系统稳定性控制,中国区域电网互连及新能源技术。
    • 指导一名博士研究生,一名硕士研究生,教授一门研究生课程。
    • 博士、硕士研究生事务及学生入学办公室主任

    Research Assistant, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

    香港城市大学 研究员

    October 1996 to September 1997

    1996年10月至1997年9月

    • Research on thyristor controlled series compensation for power system stability improvement.
    • 研究用于提高电力系统稳定性控制的晶闸管可控串联补偿

     

    Adjunct Professor, Changsha University of Science and Technology, China

    中国长沙理工大学客座教授

    June 2014 to Present

    2014年6月至今

    • Adjunct Professor, Changsha University of Sci & Tech, China 
    • College of electrical and information engineering
    • 中国长沙理工大学电气与信息工程学院客座教授

    Adjunct Professor of North China Electric Power University, China 

    中国华北电力大学兼职教授

    May 2015 to Present

    2015年5月至今

    • Adjunct Professor of NCEPU, China
    • School of electrical and electric engineering
    • 中国华北电力大学电气与电子工程学院兼职教授

    Adjunct Professor of Northeast Electric Power University, China

    中国东北电力大学兼职教授

    November 2017 to Present

    2017年11月至今

    • Adjunct Professor of NEEPU, China
    • School of electrical and electric engineering
    • 中国东北电力大学电气与电子工程学院兼职教授
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

    专业协会

    Positions

    职务

    • Vice Chair and Committee member of UK&RI Chapter of IEEE Power Electronics Society from 2013.
    • Committee member of CIGRE Working Groups B4-58 and B4-60 (as technical secretary) from 2011 and Working Group B4-62 from 2013.
    • IEEE Senior member from 2012.
    • Senior Engineer Certificate of China in 2000.
    • Organising Committee member of the IET ACDC conferences
    • Associate editor of CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems
    • IEEE 电力电子协会英国及爱尔兰分会副主席。
    • CIGRE B4-60工作组委员及技术秘书、CIGRE B4-58及63工作组委员及技术秘书
    • 从2012年IEEE 高级会员.
    • 从2000年中国高级工程师
    • IET ACDC会议组委会委员
    • 中国电机工程学报英文期刊CSEE JPES副编辑
  • HONOURS

    所获殊荣

     

    • Adjunct Professor of North China Electric Power University., China from 2015.
    • Adjunct Professor of Changsha University of Sci. & Tech., China from 2014.
    • Award to join the “Welsh Crucible” programme for the future leaders of Wales, 2013
    • Invited lecture on HVDC grids at UPC Barcelona, Spain, December 2012 and KU Leuven, Belgium, December 2013.
    • “Mobility of Foreign Professors”, Spanish Ministry of Education, £1929; 01/02/2012 - 31/01/2013
    • Guest lecture on “21st Century Technologies” Funded by Beijing Institute of Technology, China, 2008.
    • Royal Academy of Engineering International Corporation Grant, U.K., in 2006, 2007 and 2008
    • The First Science and Technology Prize of EPRI, China, in 1999 and 2000.
    • 从2015年受聘于中国华北电力大学兼职教授。
    • 从2014年受聘于中国长沙理工大学兼职教授。
    • 获得2013 年“Welsh Crucible”项目——威尔士未来领军人才奖。
    • 应邀于2012年12月在西班牙巴塞罗那UPC大学,2013年12月在比利时天主教鲁汶大学教授HVDC电网方面的课程。
    • “外籍教授”, 西班牙教育部,1929英镑; 01/02/2012 - 31/01/2013
    • 2008年受北京科技大学资助做“21世纪技术”讲座。
    • 英国皇家工程学院国际合作资金 ,2006, 2007和2008年。
    • 中国电力科学研究院科学技术一等奖,1999和2000年。
  • RESEARCH STUDENTS SUPERVISION

    博士及硕士研究生指导

    Present or Graduated

    1. Li, Xiangyu. Start Date: 15/09/2016.
    2. Khadijat, Jose, Mitigating the effect of low inertia and low short-circuit level in HVDC-rich AC grids. PhD student, Start Date: 15/12/2014.
    3. CHATZINIKOLAOU, Efstratios: Energy Storage for Low Carbon Grids, PhD student, Start Date: 01/07/2014.
    4. DANTAS, Rui: Discriminating protection in DC grids. PhD student, Start Date: 01/04/2014.
    5. HUSSAIN, Manal:  Integration of wind power to the AC transmission system. PhD student, Start Date: 01/02/2014.
    6. JOSEPH, Tibin: Control of DC grids to improve stability of AC grids. PhD student, Start Date: 01/11/2013.
    7. LI, Chuanyue: Interconnection of LCC-HVDC using DC/DC converters, PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    8. ZHENG, Rui: Application of thyristor controlled series compensation (TCSC) in power systems.  PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    9. WANG, Xiaotian: Coordinated control of FACTS devices. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    10. CHEAH, Marc: Optimal wind power transfer through DC grid. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    11. LI, Gen: Integrated AC/DC transmission system simulation. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    12. GONCALVES, Jorge: Operation of DC grids with various types of voltage source converters. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2013.
    13. BALASUBRAMANIAM, Senthooran: Flexible Power Flow Control in Meshed HVDC Grid. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2012.
    14. ADEUYI, Oluwole Daniel: Design and control of offshore Supergrid. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2012.
    15. MALALA, Vincent Sintema: DC grid fault response and DC switchgears. PhD student, Start Date: 01/07/2012.
    16. WANG, Sheng, Modelling and control of VSC-HVDC transmission system. PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2011.
    17. EWAIS, FARGHALY Ahmed, Investigation of SSR damping through wind turbine control, PhD student, Start Date: 01/07/2009. (Graduated on 20/06/14
    18. WHITBY, Benjamin: Renewable energy, smart grids and controllable demand. PhD student, Start Date: 01/04/2010. (Graduated on 06/12/13)
    19. LICARI, John, Control of a 1MW variable speed wind turbine, PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2010. (Graduated on 20/04/13.)
    20. LIVERMOR, Luke, Integration of Large Offshore Wind farms, PhD student, Start Date: 01/10/2009. (Graduated on 06/12/12.)
    21. ZHOU, Shu, “Modelling and Control of Multi-Terminal HVDC Networks for Offshore Wind Power Generation”, MPhil, Graduated on 31/10/2011.
  • Visiting Academics

    访问学者

    1. Guanglu Wu, visiting student from China Electric Power Research Institute, September 2016- March 2017.

  • Current situation

    Projects & Publications

  • EXTERNAL/INTERNAL FUNDINGS

    科研项目及经费

    1. "InnoDC (Innovative tools for offshore wind and DC grids)", European Training Network (ETN) funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) programme€3.9M, Duration: 01/09/2017 - 31/08/2021. (PI and coordinator).
    2. "Modelling of DC fault in DC transmission system to improve the protection capablity of DC grid", EU and Wales government, £144k(PI). 
    3. "Angle DC ", Scottish Power, £220k(PI).
    4. “Multi-terminal DC grid for offshore wind”, EU FP7 Marie-Curie ITN, €3.9M, Duration: 01/04/2013 - 31/03/2017. (PI and coordinator).
    5. “Mitigating the effect of low inertia and low short-circuit level in HVDC-rich AC grids”, EPSRC, £345k, Duration: 01/07/2014 - 30/06/2017. (PI).
    6. Jenkins N, Liang J, and Ugalde-Loo, C, “Beyond state-of-the-art technologies for power AC corridors and multi-terminal HVDC systems (BEST-PATHS)”, EU FP7 Demo, £778k; 01/05/2014-30/04/2017. (Co-Investigator)
    7. Jenkins N, and Liang J, “Enhanced Renewable Integration through Flexible Transmission Options (ERIFT)”, EPSRC UK-China Smart Renewable DC Grid, £370k; Duration: 01/04/2013 - 31/12/2016. (Co-Investigator).
    8. “Discriminative protection of HVDC grid”, Alstom Grid, £147.5k; 01/04/2014-31/03/2017. (PI)
    9. Liang J, Ugalde-Loo C “Current Flow control in DC grids”,Alstom Grid UK Ltd,£55000; 25/11/2014 - 24/05/2015.

    10. “DC grid control and protection”, Alstom Grid, £79k; 01/06/2013-31/05/2014. (PI)
    11. “Overview of HVDC grid R&D and reliability of HVDC stations”, China Electric Power Research Institute, £34k; 01/07/2013-30/06/2016. (PI)
    12. “Flexible Power Flow Control in Meshed HVDC Grid”, EPSRC HubNet, a full-time PhD studentship, £75k; Duration: 01/10/2012 - 30/09/2015. (PI)
    13. “Application of dc circuit-breakers in dc grids” funded by National Grid, U.K. £127.5k; Duration: 01/07/2012 - 30/06/2017. (PI)
    14. “Multi-terminal HVDC grid control and the interaction with AC grids”, founded by Natural Science Foundation of China, RMB200,000; Duration: 01/1/2012 - 31/12/2013. (PI)
    15. “Test of multi-terminal VSC HVDC control strategies by means of an analogue test rig”, funded by National Grid, U.K., £30k; Duration: 01/02/2012 - 31/07/2012. (PI)
    16. “Power Flow Control and Anti-Fault Strategies of DC grids”, Quzhou HangYong Transformer Corporation, £60k; 01/10/2011 - 30/09/2015. (PI)
    17. Jenkins N, and Liang J, “Control of a 1MW variable speed wind turbine”, jointly funded by Cardiff President Scholarship and Nordic Wind Power, £74k; Duration: 01/10/2010-30/09/2013. ( Co-Investigator)
    18. “Control of VSC-HVDC for grid integration of offshore wind power”, jointly funded by EPSRC-DTA and Alstom Grid, £66k; Duration:10/2009-/09/2012. (PI)
    1. “海上风电及直流电网的创新工具”,欧盟委员会“玛丽居里”项目,390万欧元,01/09/2017 - 31/08/2021. (PI)项目带头人及首席科学家。
    2. “直流线路故障建模已提高直流电网保护性能”,欧盟及威尔士政府联合资助项目 14万英镑, (PI)项目带头人.
    3. “Angle 中压直流项目”, 苏格兰电力Scottish Power, 22万英镑, (PI)项目带头人.
    4. “通过多端直流电网接入海上风电”, 欧盟委员会“玛丽居里夫人”项目,390万欧元, 01/04/2013 - 31/03/2017. (首席科学家)。
    5. “减小低转动惯量和低短路容量对多HVDC交流电网的影响”,英国工程与物理科学协会项目,34.5万英镑,01/07/2014 - 30/06/2017。
    6. “提高交流输电走廊及多端直流系统的新技术(BEST-PATHS)”,欧盟委员会“第七人”框架项目,77.8万英镑01/05/2014-30/04/2017。
    7. “通过柔性输电技术提高新能源的电网接入”,英国工程与物理科学协会,中国-英国项目,37万英镑01/04/2013 - 31/12/2016。
    8. “HVDC电网选择性保护”,阿尔斯通电网公司,14.75英镑01/04/2014-31/03/2017。
    9. “直流电网潮流控制”,阿尔斯通电网公司,5.5万英镑; 25/11/2014 - 24/05/2015.
    10. “直流电网的控制与保护”,阿尔斯通电网公司,7.9万英镑01/06/2013-31/05/2014。
    11. “HVDC电网研发与HVDC变电站可靠性的综述”,中国电力科学研究院,3.4万英镑01/07/2013-30/06/2016。
    12. “网状HVDC电网的灵活潮流控制”,英国工程与物理科学协会 HubNet项目,PhD奖学金,7.5万英镑01/10/2012 - 30/09/2015。
    13. “直流断路器在直流电网中的应用”,英国国家电网公司,12.75英镑01/07/2012 - 30/06/2017。
    14. “多端直流电网的控制及其与交流电网的影响”,中国自然科学基金,20万人民币01/1/2012 - 31/12/2013。
    15. “多端直流电网控制策略在模拟测试平台上的实现”,英国国家电网公司,3万英镑, 01/02/2012 - 31/07/2012。
    16. “直流电网的潮流控制和反事故措施”,中国衢州杭甬变压器有限公司,6万英镑01/10/2011 - 30/09/2015。
    17. “1MW变速风机的控制”,英国卡迪夫大学校长奖学金和北欧风电,7.4万英镑01/10/2010-30/09/2013。
    18. “通过控制直流电网来接入海上风电”,英国工程与物理科学协会和阿尔斯通电网公司,6.6万英镑10/2009-/09/2012。

     

  • PROJECTS

    承担项目

    Current Projects

    InnoDC (Innovative tools for offshore wind and DC grids) is a European Training Network (ETN) funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) programme. ETNs provide training through doctoral research to talented early stage researchers (ESRs).

    InnoDC ESRs will enrol on PhD degree programmes and be employed for 36 months in a network of universities and industry with expertise in offshore wind power generation and supply. Through the individual ESR research projects, InnoDC will address the technical challenges linked to the development of offshore grids and hybrid AC/DC systems.

    We’re looking to appoint and train 15 promising early career researchers in a network of universities and companies active in research into offshore wind power. ESRs will study for PhD degrees, receive wide-ranging technical and personal skills training and disseminate and communicate their work to a wide range of people.


    MEDOW has received funding from the People programme of the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union.

     

    The MEDOW consortium is made up of eleven partners (five universities and six industrial organisations). Each institution in the consortium contributes various expertise on the manufacturing, design, operation, and control of multi-terminal DC grids.

     

    A DC grid based on multi-terminal voltage-source converter is a newly emerging technology, which is particularly suitable for the connection of offshore wind farms.  Multi-terminal DC grids will be the key technology for the European offshore ‘supergrid’.

     

    This project will recruit twelve early-stage researchers (ESRs) and five experienced researchers (ERs).  In addition to their individual scientific projects, all fellows will benefit from further interdisciplinary and intersectoral education, which includes internships and secondments, a variety of training modules as well as transferable skills courses and active participation in workshops and conferences.

     

    MEDOW offers a development path to researchers across Europe in the area of DC grids, in addition to fostering greater ties between industry and academia in this key development area.

     

    The project will also host a number of outreach activities which will aim to create awareness among the general public about the research work carried out by the project and its implications for citizens, as well as to introduce school and university students to science, research and innovation.

     

    The project is co-ordinated by Cardiff University (UK).

    Title:
    Multi-terminal DC grid for Offshore Wind

    EU programme:    
    FP7-PEOPLE-2012-ITN

    Contract type:
    Initial Training Network (ITN)

    Grant Agreement number:    
    317221

    Start date:    
    01 April 2013

    End date:
    31 March 2017

    EU contribution:
    € 3 925 537

     

     

    The BEST PATHS project will help to overcome the challenges of integrating renewable energies into Europe’s energy mix.

     

    With nearly 40 leading organisations from research, industry, utilities, and transmission systems operators, the project aims to develop novel network technologies to increase the pan-European transmission network capacity and electricity system flexibility. A budget of 63 million Euros that will be 56% co-funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration

    Mitigating the effect of low inertia and low short-circuit level in HVDC-rich AC grids

    Renewable power, particularly offshore wind power, will be a major element of the UK's transition to meet its energy demands while reducing carbon emissions. HVDC will be the key technology for integrating offshore wind power into the UK AC grid and for interconnecting other AC grids in Europe. Line commutated converter (LCC) HVDC is particularly suitable for bulk power transfer while voltage source converter (VSC) HVDC is particularly suitable for connecting offshore power into AC grids with low inertia and low short-circuit level. Multi-terminal HVDC networks and DC grids based on VSC technology will be developed across the North Sea to form a future SuperGrid to increase the flexibility, redundancy and economic viability of offshore wind power transmission.

    Through this project, in-depth understanding of operation characteristics of AC grids which are rich in HVDC links will be achieved. Solutions will be founded to enhance the system inertia and short-circuit level. More renewable power through HVDC can be integrated into AC grids without deteriorate the system performance. The research outputs of this project will be disseminated through industrial partners, international academic associations, conferences and journal publications.

    Application of dc circuit-breakers in dc grids

    The European Union Renewable Energy Directive has committed the Member States to National targets for renewable energy production such that at least 20% of the EU’s energy will be produced from renewable sources by 2020. Meanwhile, the creation of an internal market for energy remains one of the EU’s priority objectives. The development of an interconnected internal market will facilitate cross-border exchanges in electricity and improve competition. The potential role of HVDC in integrating renewable energy generation and cross-border electricity exchanges is widely recognised and many ideas for DC grids linking the transmission systems of different countries and renewable generation are being promoted.

    At present, no DC circuit-breaker is commercially available and any DC fault will affect the entire DC network. A DC grid is, therefore, restricted to a single protection zone at present and the capacity of generation connected to it may not exceed the infrequent infeed loss risk limit prescribed by the Security and Quality of Supply Standard (SQSS). The DC circuit-breaker is therefore an essential technology enabling the concept of a DC grid to develop.

    Enhanced Renewable Integration through Flexible Transmission Options

    (EPSRC UK-China )

     

    China is installing wind farms faster than any other nation and the UK is leading deployment of offshore wind farms. Both nations will face challenges in connecting renewable sources in remote areas over (electrically) long cable or overhead DC routes and also challenges in controlling a system with a high proportion of asynchronous generation. This proposal identifies areas of common technical challenge and lays out a joint programme to analyse the issues and assess possible solutions.
    The key outputs will be the analysis methods that are developed to assess the problems identified (and which are useful to grid system operators); proposals for engineering solutions (useful to system operators and equipment vendors) and verification of these proposals through scaled laboratory test systems and real-time simulation.

  • PARTNERS

    合作伙伴

    Relationships with other partners

  • PUBLICATIONS

     

    学术论文及出版物

     

    Book and Book Chapters

    专著及专著章节

    1. D. V. Hertem, O. Gomis-Bellmunt, and J. Liang, HVDC Grids: For Offshore and Supergrid of the Future, Wiley-IEEE Press, April 2016.

    2. J. Liang, 2016. DC grid technologies. In: Prospect and strategies for power system development facing the energy revolution.   Science Press.
    3. J. Liang, and Adeuyi, O. D. 2016. Chapter 14: Integration of power from offshore wind turbines into onshore grids. In: Offshore wind farms: Technologies, design and operation.   Woodhead Publishing, pp. 441-459
    4. J. Liang, and Feng, C. 2014. AC and DC generators to improve the integration of offshore wind farms into electricity transmission and distribution networks. In: Bessede, J. ed. Eco-friendly innovations in electricity transmission and distribution networks.   Woodhead Publishing, pp. 263-291.

    Refereed Journal Papers

    期刊文章

     

    1. Li, G.et al. 2019. Control Strategies of Full-Voltage to Half-Voltage Operation for LCC and Hybrid LCC/MMC based UHVDC Systems, Energies, 
    2. Li, G.et al.  Feasibility and reliability analysis of LCC DC grids and LCC/VSC hybrid DC gridsIEEE Access, pp. 2019.(10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2898387)
    3. S. Balasubramaniam, C. E. Ugalde-Loo, J. Liang and T. Joseph, "Power Flow Management in MTdc Grids using Series Current Flow Controllers," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, (Early Access) 2019.

    4. Balasubramaniam, S., Ugalde Loo, C. and Liang, J. Series current flow controllers for DC gridsIEEE Access, pp. 2019..
    5. Hao, Y.et al. 2019. A novel clustering algorithm based on mathematical morphology for wind power generation predictionRenewable Energy, pp. -. (10.1016/j.renene.2019.01.018)
    6. T. Joseph, C. E. Ugalde-Loo, J. Liang and S. Balasubramaniam, “Real-Time Estimation and Damping of SSR in a VSC-HVDC Connected Series-Compensated System,” IEEE Trans. Power System, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    7. K. Jose, T. Joseph, J. Liang and C. E. Ugalde-Loo, “An Auxiliary Dead-Band Controller for the Coordination of Fast Frequency Support from Multi-Terminal HVDC Grids and Offshore Wind Farms,” IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    8. G. Li, J. Liang, F. Ma, C. E. Ugalde-Loo and H. Liang, "Analysis of Single-Phase-to-Ground Faults at the Valve-Side of HB-MMCs in HVDC Systems," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    9. T. Joseph, C. E. Ugalde-Loo, J. Liang and P. F. Coventry, "Asset Management Strategies for Power Electronic Converters in Transmission Networks: Application to Hvdc and FACTS Devices," IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 21084-21102, 2018.
    10. L. Yang, J. Zhao, X. Liu, A. Haddad, J. Liang and H. Hu, "Effects of Manufacturing Imperfections on the Circulating Current in Ironless Brushless DC (BLDC) Motors," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    11. C. Li, J. Liang and S. Wang, “Interlink hybrid DC circuit breaker,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    12. J. Goncalves, D. J. Rogers and J. Liang, “Sub-Module Temperature Regulation and Balancing in Modular Multilevel Converters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    13. Z. Lu, J. Liang, W. Tang, G. Li, et al., “Converting AC distribution lines to DC to increase transfer capacities and DG penetration,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    14. S. Balasubramaniam, C. E. Ugalde-Loo, J. Liang, T. Joseph, R. King and A. Adamczyk, "Experimental validation of dual H-Bridge current flow controllers for meshed HVdc grids," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1.
    15. R. Dantas; J. Liang; C. E. Ugalde-Loo; A. Adamczyk; C. Barker; R. Whitehouse, "Progressive Fault Isolation and Grid Restoration Strategy for MTDC Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1
    16. Q. Mu, J. Liang, X. Zhou,  C. Li, and Y. Li, Systematic evaluation for multi-rate simulation of DC Grids. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy SystemsVolume 93, December 2017, Pages 119–1342017.
    17. M.A. Mohammad, L. Helder, J. Liang, S.C. Adriano, "Effects of VSC based HVDC system on distance protection of transmission lines", International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol.92, pp. 245–260, November 2017.
    18. G. Wu, J. Liang, X. Zhou and Y. Li. “ Analysis and Design of Vector Control for VSC-HVDC Connected to Weak Grids”, CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 115-124, June 2017.
    19. G. Wu, X. Zhou, Y. Li, J. Liang and H. Peng, “Improved Vector Control for VSC-HVDC Connected to Weak AC Grids, ” Proceedings of the CSEE, vol.37,no.16, pp, 4577-4590, 2017.
    20. M. Cheah-Mane; L. Sainz; J. Liang; N. Jenkins; C. E. Ugalde Loo, "Criterion for the Electrical Resonance Stability of Offshore Wind Power Plants Connected through HVDC Links," in IEEE Trans. on Power Systems , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1. doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2663111
    21. O. D. Adeuyi; M. Cheah-Mane; J. Liang; N. Jenkins, "Fast Frequency Response from Offshore Multi-terminal VSC-HVDC Schemes," in IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1. doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2016.2632860
    22. X. Chu, G. Song and J. Liang, "Analytical method of fault characteristic and non-unit protection for HVDC transmission lines," in CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 37-43, December 2016.
    23. L. Sainz, L. Monjo, J. Pedra, M. Cheah-Mane, J. Liang and O. Gomis-Bellmunt, "Effect of wind turbine converter control on wind power plant harmonic response and resonances," in IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 157-168, 2 2017. doi: 10.1049/iet-epa.2016.0241
    24. J. Guo; J. Liang; X. Zhang; P. Judge; X. Wang; T. Green, "Reliability Analysis of MMCs Considering Sub-module Designs with Individual or Series Operated IGBTs," in IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1. doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2016.2572061
    25. Robert Whitehouse, Carl Barker, Jun Liang and Sheng Wang, “Risk of Multiple Cross-Over of Control Characteristics in Multi-terminal HVDC”, IET Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol.10, No.6, pp.1353-1360, 2016.
    26. Wang S, Liang J,  Coordination of DC Power Flow Controllers and AC/DC Converters on Optimizing the Delivery of Wind Power , IET (2016) 10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0452
    27. Zhang L, Tang W, Liang J, Cong P, Cai Y, Coordinated day-ahead reactive power dispatch in distribution network based on real power forecast errors, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems , (2015) ISSN 0885-8950 10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2466435
    28. Lakshmanan P, Liang J, Jenkins N, Assessment of collection systems for HVDC connected offshore wind farms, Electric Power Systems Research , 129 (2015) 75-82 ISSN 0378-779610.1016/j.epsr.2015.07.015
    29. M. Cheah, O. Adeuyi, J. Liang, L. Livermore and Q. Mu, “Preventing Over DC-Voltage in Multi-terminal HVDC Transmission”, CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems, CSEE Journal of Power and Energy Systems 1 (1) , pp. 86-94.
    30. Qing Mu, Jun Liang, Xiaoxin Zhou, Yalou Li and Xing Zhang, “Improved ADC model of voltage source converters in DC grids”, IEEE Trans. Power Electronics, Vol.29, No.11, pp.5738-5748, 2014.
    31. Luke Livermore, Carlos E. Ugalde-Loo, Qing Mu, Jun Liang, Janaka Ekanayake and Nicholas Jenkins, “Damping of SSR using a VSC-HVDC Link in a Series-Compensated GB Transmission Network”, IET Proceedings on Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol.8, No.3, pp.542-551, 2014.
    32. Xiaobo Hu, Jun Liang, Daniel J. Rogers, and Yalou Li, “Power Flow and Power Reduction Control Using Variable Frequency of Offshore AC Grids”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 28, No.4, pp. 3897-3905, November,  2013.
    33. Weixing Lin, Jinyu Wen, Jun Liang, Shijie Cheng, Meiqi Yao, Naihu Li “A three-terminal HVDC system to bundle wind farms with conventional power plants”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol.28, No. 3, pp.2292 – 2300, August 2013.
    34. Egea-Alvarez, A., Junyent-Ferre, A., Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Liang, J. , Ekanayake, J., and Jenkins, N. , “Operation and control of VSC-HVDC multiterminal grid for offshore wind”, European Power Electronics (EPE) Journal, Vol.23, Issue 2, pp.34 – 40, April-June 2013.
    35. Sheng Wang, Chunmei Feng, An Wen and Jun Liang, “Cost and Benefits Analysis of VSC-HVDC Schemes for Offshore Wind Power Transmission”, Automation of Electric Power System, 2013,37(13):36-43.
    36. Liang, J., Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Ekanayake, J., Jenkins, N., and An Wen, “A multi-terminal HVDC transmission system for offshore wind farms with induction generators”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy System, 43(2012), pp.54-62.
    37. Licari, J., Ugalde-Loo C. E., Liang, J., Ekanayake, J. ,and Jenkins, N., “Torsional damping considering both shaft and blade flexibilities”, Wind Engineering, 36 (2), 181-196, 2012.
    38. Dominguez-Garcia J. L., Daniel J. Rogers, Carlos E. Ugalde-Loo, Liang, J., and Gomis-Bellmunt, O, “Effect of non-standard operating frequencies on the economic cost of offshore AC networks”, Renewable Energy, Vol.44, pp.267-280, August 2012.
    39. Liang, J., Jing, T.J., Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Ekanayake, J., and Jenkins, N., “Operation and Control of Multiterminal HVDC Transmission for Offshore Wind Farms”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol.26, Issue 4, pp.2596 – 2604, 2011.
    40. Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Liang, J., Ekanayake, J. and Jenkins, N., “Voltage-Current characteristics of multiterminal HVDC-VSC for offshore wind farms”, Electric Power Systems Research, 81 (2011), 440-450.
    41. Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Liang, J., Ekanayake, J., King, R., and Jenkins, N., “Topologies of multiterminal HVDC-VSC transmission for large offshore wind farms”, Electric Power Systems Research, 81 (2011), 271-281.
    42. Liang, J., Green, T.C., Feng, C.M., and Weiss, G., “Increasing Voltage Utilisation in Split-Link, Four-Wire Inverters,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics. Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 1562-1569, June 2009.
    43. Xia, Y.Q., Liu, G. P., Shi, P., Chen, J., Rees, D., and Liang, J., “Sliding mode control of uncertain linear discrete time systems with input delay,” IET Control Theory Application, Vol. 1, No.4, pp.1169 - 1175, July 2007.
    44. Feng, C.M., Liang, J. and Agelidis, V., “Modified phase-shifted PWM control for flying capacitor multilevel converters,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics. Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 178-185, January 2007.
    45. Zhong, Q.C., Liang, J., Weiss, G., Feng, C.M., and Green, T. C., “H¥ control of the neutral point in four-wire three-phase DC-AC converters,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 5, pp.1594-1602, October 2006.
    46. Weiss, G., Zhong, Q.C., Green, T. and Liang, J., “H repetitive control of DC-AC converter in micro-grids”, IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics. Vol. 19, No. 1, pp.210-230, January 2004.
    47. Shen, H., Liang, J., and Dai H.Z., “Calculation of wind farm penetration based on power system transient stability analysis”, (in Chinese), Power System Technology, Vol.8, pp.8-11, 2002.
    48. WU, Shouyuan, JIANG, Weiping, LI, Yajian, ZHOU, Xiaoxin, ZENG, Zhaohua, and LIANG Jun, “Analog test on system dynamic control of TCSC,” (in Chinese), Power System Technology, vol.3, pp.3-8, 2000.
    49. Zhou X.X., and Liang, J., “Nonlinear adaptive control of TCSC to improve the performance of power systems” IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. and Distrib. Vol.146, No.3, (1999), pp.301~305.
    50. Zhou X.X., and Liang, J., “Overview of control schemes for the TCSC to enhance the stability of power systems,” IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. and Distrib. Vol.146, No.2, (1999), pp.125~130.
    51. Tso, S.K., Liang, J., and Zhou, X.X., “Coordination of TCSC and SVC for improvement of power system performance with NN-based parameter adaptation,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 21 (1999), 235-244.
    52. Zhou X.X., Guo, J.B., Liang, J., et al, “Analysis and control of Yimin-Fengtun 500kV TCSC system,” Electric Power Systems Research, 46, (1998), 157-168.

     

    Conference Papers

    会议文章

    1. Joseph, T.et al. 2016. Active filtering based current injection method for multi modal SSR damping in an AC/DC system. Presented at:17th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE '15 ECCE Europe), Geneva, Switzerland, 8-10 September 2015.17th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'15 ECCE-Europe 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 2684-2693. (10.1109/EPE.2015.7309345)
    2. Li, H., Guo, J. and Liang, J. 2016. Application of new wind speed model in power system reliability assessment. Presented at: Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2015 50th International Universities, Stoke-on-Trent, UK, 1-4 September 2015.2015 50th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), (10.1109/UPEC.2015.7339861)
    3. Li, Gen, Liang, Jun, Ugalde Loo, Carlos and Coventry, Paul 2016. Impacts of DC circuit breakers on AC/DC system stability subject to DC faults. Presented at: 2nd International Conference on HVDC (HVDC 2016), Shanghai, China, 25-27 October 2016.

    4. Wang, Sheng, Li, Chuanyue, Adeuyi, Oluwole Daniel, Li, Gen, Ugalde Loo, Carlos and Liang, Jun 2016. Coordination of DC circuit breakers and modular multi-level converters for HVDC grid protection. Presented at: 2nd International Conference on HVDC (HVDC 2016), Shanghai, China, 25-27 October 2016.

    5. Cheah M, Liang J, Jenkins N, Sainz L, Electrical resonance instability study in HVDC-connected offshore wind power plants2016 IEEE PES General Meeting , (2016).
    6. Gen Li, Jun Liang, Carlos E. Ugalde-Loo, Paul Coventry , Johan Rimez, "Dynamic Interactions of DC and AC Grids subject to DC faults", 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference – ECCE Asia (IPEMC 2016-ECCE Asia), Hefei, China, 22-25 May 2016.
    7. Lu Zhang, Wei Tang, Jun Liang, Gen Li, Yongxiang Cai, Tao Yan, "A medium voltage hybrid ACDC distribution network and its economic evaluation", IET ACDC 2016, Beijing, China, 28-29 May 2016.
    8. Adeuyi, Oluwole Daniel, Cheah-Mane, Marc, Liang, Jun, Yanan, Wu, Chang, Li, Wu, Xueguang and Jenkins, Nicholas. "Frequency support from modular multilevel converter based multi-terminal HVDC schemes". Presented at: 2015 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES 2015), Denver Colorado, USA, 26-30 July 2015.
    9. M. Cheah, O. Adeuyi, J. Liang, and N. Jenkins, “Permanent magnet synchronous generator for wind turbines: modelling, control and inertial frequency response”, 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC14), Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2-5 September 2014.
    10. S. Wang, J. Liang, C.D. Barker, and R.S. Whitehouse, “Experimental Validation of Autonomous Converter Control in a HVDC Grid”, 16th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE 2014), 26-28 August 2014, Lappeenranta (Finland).
    11. Q. Zhang, C.Y. Li and J. Liang, “A Thyristor Based Series Power Flow Controller for Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission”, 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC14), Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2-5 September 2014.
    12. Balasubramaniam, J. Liang and C. Ugalde-Loo, “An IGBT Based Series Power Flow Controller for Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission”, 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC14), Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2-5 September 2014.
    13. Sheng Wang, Jun Liang and Janaka Ekanayake, “Optimised Topology Design and Comparison for Offshore Transmission”, 47th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC12), London, U.K., 4-7 September, 2012.
    14. Qing Mu, Jun Liang ,Yalou Li and Xiaoxin Zhou, “Power Flow Control Devices in DC Grids”, IEEE PES General Meeting, San Diego, California, USA. 22-26 July 2012.
    15. Ahmed M. Ewais, Jun Liang, Janaka B. Ekanayake, and Nick Jenkins, “Influence of Fully-Converted Wind Turbines on Subsynchronous Resonance”, International Conference of Smart Grid (ICSG12), Tianjin, China, May 2012.
    16. Oriol Gomis-Bellmunt, Agusti Egea-Alvarez, Adri`a Junyent-Ferre, Jun Liang, Janaka Ekanayake and Nick Jenkins “Multiterminal HVDC-VSC for offshore wind power integration”, IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Detroit, Michigan, US, 24 – 28 July 2011.
    17. Egea-Alvarez, A. Junyent-Ferre, O.Gomis-Bellmunt, J. Liang, J. Ekanayake, and N. Jenkins, “Operation and control of VSC-HVDC multiterminal grids for offshore wind”, 14th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE 2011), Birmingham, U.K. 2011.
    18. Trilla, O. Gomis-Bellmunt, A.Sudria-Andreu, J. Liang, and T.J. Jing, “Control of SCIG wind farm using a single VSC”, 14th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE 2011), Birmingham, U.K. 2011.
    19. Ahmed M. Ewais, Carlos Ugalde-Loo, Janaka B. Ekanayake, Jun Liang, and Nick Jenkins, “Influence of Fixed-Speed Induction Generator-Based Wind Turbines on Subsynchronous Resonance”, 46th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC11), Cardiff, U.K., 31 August-3 September, 2011.
    20. Ben Whitby, Jun Liang, “Field Oriented Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator for use in a Variable Speed Tidal Stream Turbine”, 46th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC11), Cardiff, U.K., 31 August-3 September, 2011.
    21. Livermore, C. E. Ugalde-Loo, J. Liang, J. B. Ekanayake, and N. Jenkins, “Damping of Subsynchronous resonance using a VSC-HVDC link” , 17th Power Systems Computation Conference (PSCC'11), Stockholm, Sweden, August 22-26, 2011.
    22. Livermore, J. Liang, J. Ekanayake and N. Jenkins, “MTDC VSC technology and it’s applications for wind power”, 45th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC10), Cardiff, U.K., 31 August-3 September, 2010.
    23. Wang, A. Garber, J. Liang, and X. Liao, “Wind power forecast for improvement of power system reliability”, 45th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC10), Cardiff, U.K., 31 August-3 September, 2010.
    24. Liang, J., Gomis-Bellmunt, O., Ekanayake, J., and Jenkins, N., “Control of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC transmission for offshore wind power”, 13th International European Power Electronics Conference and Exhibition (EPE2009), Barcelona, Spain, 8-10 September,
    25. Zhou, J. Liang, J. Ekanayake and N. Jenkins, “Control of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC transmission system for offshore wind power generation”, 44th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC09), Glasgow, U.K., 1-4 September, 2009.
    26. Liang, J. and Feng, C.M., “Stability Improvement of Micro-grids with coordinate control of fuel cell and ultracapacitor,” IEEE 38th Power Electronics Specialist Conference (PESC07), Orlando, S., June 2007.
    27. Feng, C.M., Liang, J., Agelidis, V., and Green, T., “A multi-modular system based on parallel-connected multilevel flying capacitor converters controlled with fundamental frequency SPWM,” Proc. of. The 32nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON’06), Paris, France, November 2006.
    28. Liang, J., Feng, C.M., Weiss, G., and Green, T., “Controlling a variable neutral point in a DC/AC inverter using an internal model,” IEEE 37th Power Electronics Specialist Conference (PESC06), Jeju, Korea, June 2006.
    29. Feng, C.M., Agelidis, V., and Liang, J., “Multimodular systems based on multilevel flying capacitor converters,” IEEE 2003 International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems (PEDS 2003), 386-391, Singapore, November 17-20, 2003.
    30. Feng, C.M., Liang, J. and Agelidis, V., “A novel voltage balancing control method for flying capacitor,” of. The 29th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON’03), Vol.2, pp.1179-1184, Roanoke, Virginia, USA, November 2003.
    31. Liang, J., Green, T. C., Weiss, G., and Zhong, Q.C., “Decoupling control of the active and reactive power for a three-phase inverter,” European Control Conference (ECC03), University of Cambridge, K. 1-4 September 2003.
    32. Liang, J., Green, T. C., Weiss, G., and Zhong, Q.C., “Hybrid control of multiple inverters in an island-mode distribution system,” IEEE 34th Power Electronics Specialist Conference (PESC03), Acapulco, Mexico, June 2003.
    33. Liang, J., Green, T. C., Weiss, G., and Zhong, Q.C., “Repetitive control of power conversion system from a distributed generator to the utility Grid,” IEEE Conf. on Control Applications (CCA02), Glasgow, K. Vol.1. pp.13-18, 2002.
    34. Liang, J., Green, T. C., Weiss, G., and Zhong, Q.C., “Evaluation of repetitive control for power quality improvement of distributed generation,” IEEE 33rd Power Electronics Specialist Conference (PESC02), Cairns, Australia, Vol.4, pp.1803-1808, 2002.
    35. Zhong, Q.C., Green, T., Liang, J. and Weiss, G., “Robust repetitive control of grid-connected dc-ac converters” Proceedings of the 41st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC02), Vol.3, pp. 2468 –2473, 2002.
    36. Zhong, Q.C., Green, T., Liang, J. and Weiss, G., “H¥ control of the neutral point in 3-phase 4-wire DC-AC converters,” of The 28th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON’02), Seville, Spain, Vol.1, pp.520-525, 2002.
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